NOTE:  In the exam situations, A refers to offensive team and B refers to their opponents, the defensive team.  A1 and B1 are players of Team A and Team B.  Unless otherwise stated; a single foul or free throw exists; all equipment, situations and acts are legal; a tap is toward the tapper’s basket; and it is a two-point field goal.  No errors or mistakes are involved unless noted.


A          Alternating Possession

1.                   If tapper A1 catches the referee’s toss during the opening jump ball, Team B gains the first possession and the arrow is set toward A’s basket.

2.                   If team A is charged with a technical foul before the game starts, Team B will have the first throw-in opportunity and the first arrow under the alternating-possession procedure.

3.                   The team that does not control the jump to start the first extra period will automatically have the throw-in if a second extra period is played.

4.                   The alternating-possession procedure will be used after a simultaneous free-throw violation on the final attempt.


B.                  Coaching Rule

5.                   Assistant coaches may stand to confer with bench personnel during any dead-ball period.

6.                   If a player is directed to leave the game for a violation of the uniform rule, the coach must replace the player within 30 seconds.

7.                   After the head coach has received a technical foul, a second technical foul would be charged if the coach is off the bench communicating with a player while a free throw is being attempted.

8.                   If a team fails to occupy the team member’s bench to which it is assigned, the foul is charged indirectly to the head coach.


C          Correctable Errors

9.                   Correctable errors are limited to five specific situations, all involving scoring issues, when a rule is inadvertently set aside.

10.               Only the referee is authorized to correct the erroneous awarding of a score.

11.               If an official erroneously awards a goal on a basket interference call, the error may be corrected until the referee approves the final score.

12.               In order to correct an error made with the clock stopped, it must be recognized before the first live ball following the error.


D.                  Court and Equipment

13.               Since the free-throw lane lines are not part of the lane, players may step on the lane line without committing a violation during a free throw.

14.               The court is legally marked even though the team mascot painted on the floor obscures a small portion of the division line.

15.               If the ball provided by the home team is not legal, the referee may select for use a legal ball provided by the visiting team.

16.               Officials may use videotape replay equipment to determine which team member(s) dunked during the pregame warm-up.


E.         Definitions

17.               Blocking is illegal personal contact with an opponent that impedes the progress of an opponent with or without the ball.

18.               A foul by or on an airborne shooter is the only case where a personal foul can occur when the ball is dead.

19.               An airborne shooter is a player who has released the ball on a try for goal and has returned to the floor.

20.               A held ball occurs when dribbler A1 is closely guarded anywhere in A’s frontcourt for five seconds.  




F.         Definitions

21.               There is no team or player control during a jump ball.

22.               A common foul is a personal foul which is not flagrant, intentional, not committed against a player trying to tapping for a field goal, not part of a double, simultaneous or multiple foul.

23.               A jump ball ends when the tapped ball touches a basket.

24.               A bonus is the second free throw awarded for a common foul, except a player-control foul.


G.         Extra Periods

25.               The length of each extra period in a high school varsity contest is four minutes.

26.               If a technical foul penalty is administered to end the fourth quarter and the score is tied, the throw-in portion of the penalty will begin the extra period.

27.               Teams shall change baskets prior to the start of the first extra period but not for an additional period(s).

28.               Once the ball becomes live in an extra period, the extra period will be played even though a correction in score is made resulting in a score of 62-60 to end the fourth quarter.


H.         Fouls

29.               A flagrant foul may be either personal or technical.

30.               It is a technical foul if a player intentionally strikes the backboard while a try is in flight.

31.               Two free throws are awarded for each foul of a multiple foul if the player fouled was in the act of shooting and the try is unsuccessful.

32.               After the 20-minute time limit prior to the game, only one technical foul will be charged thereafter to a team for changing the team member list.


I.          Fouls

33.               Continuous motion does not apply if a teammate fouls after a player has started a try for a goal and before the ball is in flight.

34.               It is a flagrant technical foul if a player participates after being disqualified; the technical foul is also charged indirectly to the coach.

35.               No free throws are awarded when opponents commit simultaneous personal fouls.

36.               An excess time-out results in a technical foul that is charged directly to the coach.


J.         Free Throws

37.               Award free thrower A1 a substitute throw, when during an unsuccessful free-throw attempt, there is a violation by B2 in a marked lane space, followed by a violation by A5 behind the three-point line.

38.               During a free throw by A1, B3 goaltends.  The free throw will count and B3 will be charged with a technical foul.

39.               During a free-throw attempt by A2, B3 commits basket interference.  The goal will count and B3 will be charged with a technical fouls.

40.               Award free thrower A1 a substitute throw, when during and unsuccessful free-throw attempt, B1 disconcerts A1 and A1 then violates.


K.         Free Throws

41.               A free throw ends when the ball is bounced off the floor by the free thrower in an attempt to have it enter the basket.

42.               A substitute for the offended team may enter the game and attempt free throws awarded for a technical foul.

43.               A substitute free throw is awarded if during a free throw by A1, A2 violates and the attempt is unsuccessful.

44.               Award free thrower A1 a substitute throw, when during an unsuccessful free-throw attempt, B1 violates followed by a violation by A2.  Both B1 and A2 are in marked lane spaces.


L.         Jump Ball

45.               Neither jumper shall leave the center-restraining circle until the ball has been touched.

46.               It is a violation if jumper A1 catches the tapped ball before it has touched the floor.

47.               Nonjumpers may break the plane of the center-restraining circle cylinder when the referee tosses the ball.

48.               The ball becomes live when it is tapped.


M.        Live Ball – Dead Ball

49.               The ball becomes dead and it is a technical foul when B1 excessively swings his/her elbows.

50.               If the free throw for a nonflagrant personal foul is successful, the ball remains live.

51.               A try or tap by A1 becomes dead when an official’s whistle is blown for a foul by B1.

52.               The ball becomes dead if the throwing motion on a try for a goal by A1 started after B1 fouls A2.


N.         Officials’ Duties

53.               Any official can rule on points not specifically covered in the rules.

54.               If a mistake has been made and an umpire is still on the floor at the end of the game, he/she may call the referee back to make the correction.

55.               The referee may designate any official to toss the jump ball to start the game.

56.               The referee shall check and approve the score at the end of each quarter.


O.         Officials’ Duties

57.               If the referee determines that the clock was not started or stopped properly, or if the clock did not run, an official’s count or other official information can be used to make a correction.

58.               The referee has sole authority to penalize for unsporting behavior.

59.               If the officials stop play for a bleeding player, the player may remain in the game if his/her team is charged with a time-out and the bleeding situation is remedied.

60.               A single timer and a single scorer may be used if they are trained personnel acceptable to the referee.


P.         Out of Bounds - inbounds

61.               The ball is caused to go out of bounds by B1, who is standing out of bounds and touches the ball while it is in possession of A1, who is standing in bounds.

62.               The ball is out of bounds when it passes from the court through the vertical plane of a boundary line.

63.               The ball is out of bounds if it rolls along the top edge of the backboard without touching any supports.

64.               The ball is caused to go out of bounds by B1, who deflects A1’s throw-in pass that then touches thrower A1 in flight, who is still out of bounds.


Q          Penalty Administration

65.               Goaltending a free-throw is both a violation and a technical foul.

66.               The penalty for an intentional personal foul may be either on or two free-throws.

67.               Only the head coach can designate who will shoot the free throws awarded for a technical foul.

68.               The throw-in spot following a flagrant or an intentional personal foul is the division line opposite the table, regardless of where the foul occurred.


R.         Scoring

69.               A goal from the field by A1 in B’s basket counts for Team B.

70.               A player-control foul cancels a goal even when the ball is through the basket before the foul occurs.

71.               Basket interference and/or goaltending by the opponent results in scoring the point plus a technical foul if it occurs during a free-throw attempt.

72.               a free throw by A1 is credited to A1 and Team A regardless in which basket the attempt is made.


S.         Substitution

73.               A disqualifies player who returns and participates has committed a flagrant technical foul.

74.               Only the player required by rule to be replaced may be substituted for prior to the first of multiple free throw.

75.               A1 is sent to the bench because of bleeding from a cut.  Team A call a 60-second time-out, during which the trainer stops the bleeding and covers the wound. A1 may re-enter the game at the end of the time-out.

76.               A player who has been withdrawn my not re-enter before the next opportunity to substitute after the ball becomes live following his/her replacement.


T.         Throw-ins

77.               the first throw-in plane violation by an opponent of the thrower is a technical foul.

78.               It is a throw-in violation when A1’s throw-in touches an official on the court and then is touched by A1 who has stepped inbounds.

79.               The throw-in ends when the passed ball touches the floor.

80.               The throw-in is from the division line when A1, who is standing near A’s frontcourt end line, calls a time-out when A2 is holding the ball while standing on the division line.


U.         Throw-ins

81.               Thrower A1 is in player control while holding the ball for a throw-in.

82.               The throw-in is at the designated spot nearest the violation after a goaltending violation by B1.

83.               Team B is not in the bonus.  After A2’s made basket, B5 is attempting a throw-in from his/her baseline when A3 commits a personal foul against B4. If the throw-in for Team A’s foul is still the baseline, Team B may run the baseline.

84.               The thrower may reach the ball through the throw-in boundary plane prior to releasing it on a throw-in pass.


V.         Time-outs

85.               If one minute and 30 seconds are used for discussing a correctable error situation with a coach, a 60- and a 30-second time-out are charged to the team if no correction is made.

86.               A time-out request by airborne A1, while in player control, may not be granted if he/she is about to land out of bounds.

87.               Any player may request a time-out when the ball is in the control of a teammate or during an interrupted dribble.

88.               A time-out shall not be granted until after the ball has become live to start the game.


W.        Traveling

89.               The pivot foot may be lifted but not returned to the floor before the ball is released on a try for goal.

90.               If A1 catches the ball with both feet off the floor and alights simultaneously with both feet, A1 may pivot using either foot as the pivot foot.

91.               A traveling violation occurs when airborne A1 catches a pass, alights and pivots on the foot which first touched the floor.

92.               The pivot foot may not be lifted before the ball is released to start a dribble.


X.         Uniforms – Player Equipment

93.               A commemorative/memorial number patch may be worn on the uniform jersey provided it is above the neckline or in the side insert.

94.               Team A may have commemorative patches that are six square inches in size on their uniforms.

95.               A1 may wear a skirt in place of pants as her uniform.

96.               A1 may have a cross, taped to his/her body underneath the uniform.


Y.         Violations

97.               B1 excessively swings his/her elbows without making contact with an opponent; B1 is charged with a violation.

98.               During an interrupted dribble in the frontcourt by A1, A2 can be called for a three-second violation.

99.               During a free throw by A1, B2 in a marked lane space violates before A1 releases the throw.  A2, also on the lane, then violates as A1 releases the throw.  This is a double violation by B2 and A2, alternating-possession throw in.

100.            It is a violation if A1 attempts to stand after gaining possession of the ball on the floor.